The word plumbing must have originated from the Latin word for lead ‘Plumbum ‘. The first suggestions of plumbing on a mass scale were apparent in traditional Rome where they at first used aqueducts and gravity to get water from high altitudes to towns such as Rome. As plumbing developed, the Romans started to use lead pipes, which forestalled outside contaminants from mixing with the water supply and permitted water to be transported under larger pressure.
Plumbing has progressed considerably since that time and now incorporates an enormous scale of activities. The majority of the developments in plumbing but have only taken place in the previous century. Up till the 1700’s and in isolated cases the nineteenth-century many plumbing systems were still employing lead pipes which itself tarnished the water and caused lead poisoning.
Some water systems still use canals which are like the design of Roman aqueducts, but most water transport systems use pipes which significantly reduce contamination and make the movement of waterway easier. Today water pipes can be made of a selection of materials, dependent on the volume of water being carried and the character of the system. Most large water lines are made from concrete or steel while smaller systems like those in a place are often made of steel or copper. Waste water is mostly transported in PVC plastic pipes.
Plumbing doesn’t only handle the processing and transport of clean water, but also with the removal and treatment of sewage and waste water. Modern towns provide drinking water and sewage removal to nearly every one of their buildings. Water is pumped from natural sources to processing plants where it is filtered and cleaned thru a chemical process, from there it is placed in reservoirs which distribute it among the people. Waste water produced by the community is taken out of the system thru drainage pipes, processed again and pumped either into natural systems i.e. Dams and Brooks or the system to reservoirs.
The processing part of plumbing is essential to each person and the environment. If it were not for the filtering and processing element, water would carry many contaminants and spread illnesses like cholera to human populations as well as cause damages caused to the environment. Another vital component of macro-plumbing is typhoon drainage systems.
Hurricane drainage systems forestall excess rainwater run-off and waste by routing the surplus water to streams and dams were it can be stored. These systems also route enormous volumes of excess water away from populated areas so as to forestall local flooding.
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